Scandals in the summer Olympic games pt. 2

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Like we all know that the Olympic game are an international sports festival, held every four years. The ultimate goals are to cultivate human beings, through sport, and contribute to world peace. Summer Games and Winter Games are held separately.

The International Olympic Committee (IOC) is responsible for organising the Games and for overseeing the host city’s preparations. The tradition of awarding medals began in 1904; in each Olympic event, gold medals are awarded for first place, silver medals for second place, and bronze medals for third place.

The Winter Olympic Games were created out of the success of the Summer Olympic Games, which are regarded as the largest and most prestigious multi-sport international event in the world.

This article is the other part which will be focusing on scandals in the summer Olympic games.

1972 Summer Olympics

Munich massacre

The Munich massacre occurred, when members of the Israeli Olympic team were taken hostage by the Palestinian terrorist group Black September. Eleven athletes, coaches and judges were murdered by the terrorists.

1976 Summer Olympics

Canada initially refused to allow the Republic of China’s team (Taiwan) into the country as Canada did not recognize Taiwan as a nation. Canada’s decision was in violation of its agreement with the IOC to allow all recognized teams. Canada agreed to allow the Taiwanese athletes into the country if they did not compete under the name or flag of the Republic of China. This led to protests and a threatened boycott by other countries including the US, but these came to naught after the IOC acquiesced to the Canadian demand which, in turn, led Taiwan to boycott the Games. The People’s Republic of China also continued its boycott over the failure of the IOC to recognize its team as the sole representative of China.

1996 Summer Olympics

A gold medal boxing match in which Daniel Petrov from Bulgaria won against Mansueto Velasco from the Philippines was described as robbery in the Philippines. One media outlet claimed that it appeared that the judges were pressing the buttons on their electronic scoring equipment for the wrong boxer.

2000 Summer Olympics

Chinese gymnast Dong Fangxiao was stripped of a bronze medal in April 2010. Investigations by the sport’s governing body (FIG) found that she was only 14 at the 2000 Games. (To be eligible the gymnastic athletes must turn 16 during the Olympic year). FIG recommended the IOC take the medal back as her scores aided China in winning the team bronze. The US women’s team, who had come fourth in the event, moved up to third.



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